Archived: Girl at the blackboard 

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Resource details

Resource ID




Contributed by

Tori Ray






Nyamirambo, Kigali


1.1 Food & Income Security, 1.2 Employment, 5.1 Gender Equity

Area of Work

Livelihoods, Microfinance, Agriculture


Economic Justice, GROW


Eye contact, Smile


Development, Top Project, EDP Enterprise development programme

Named person(s)

Kurusumu Pwamuhama, Hamida Cyimana


Oxfam GB/International

Original Source

Oxfam GB


06 February 12


Simon Rawles


Simon Rawles


Hamida Cyimana, 6 year old daughter of Kurusumu Pwamuhama, mushroom farmer, mother and entrepreneur who works with Oxfam private-sector partner BN Producers. She is writing on the blackboard used by her father who is a teacher while waiting for him to come home.

Programme Information

Kurusumu Pwamuhama is a mushroom farmer, wife and mother of three who is using loans from Duterimbere IMF and training from Duterumbere ASBL and BN Producers to make an income from mushrooms. She has been able to improve her family's house, send her children to better schools and has plans to get her driving licence and establish her own transport service. Her husband also sees her differently since she established such a successful business of her own and can help support the family.

BN Producers is one of Oxfam's private-sector partners which specializes in mushroom production to boost the agriculture sector in Rwanda. Founded by Berthilde Niyibaho, they collaborate with Oxfam partner Duterimbere on Oxfam's Enterprise Development Programme for mushroom production. The company sells mushroom tubes to local vulnerable women to grow and either sell the grown mushrooms to market or back to BN Producers.

Mushrooms are very quick to grow (10 days from planting to harvest), need little land or labour and sell for a good price, making them a fantastic new product for the agriculture sector and poor farmers alike.

As the private sector is fast developing, it's a critical time to support job creation and ensure the poorest and most vulnerable will benefit from growth. Women are central to the project which aims to not only increase their income but also support entrepreneurism, confidence, and leadership amongst Rwandan women, improving their status at home and in the community.

For more information read the Rwanda Feb 2012 trip report which contains background information and personal witness testimonies from farmers, private sector business owners, Oxfam staff and government partners, outlining the challenges faced by poor small-scale farmers and the rapid impact Oxfam's livelihoods programme is having on their lives.

There is also a 4min film which gives an overview of Oxfam's livelihoods work in Rwanda (produced for use in Rwanda) and a 2min film of Oxfam's work on mushroom production in Rwanda, supported by the Enterprise Development Programme (EDP).